civil


civil
civil adj
1 *civic, civilian
2 Civil, polite, courteous, courtly, gallant, chivalrous are comparable as applied to persons or their words and acts when in intercourse with others with the meaning observant of the forms required by good breeding.
Civil commonly suggests the bare fulfillment of the ordinary requirements of social intercourse; it frequently implies little more than forbearance from rudeness
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it was an entirely civil greeting, but that was all you could say of it— Christo-pher La Far ge

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this man . . . cut short one of our party, and addressed a silly remark to Spencer .... Spencer's answer was civil, but brief and not inviting— Fiske

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Polite, while sometimes suggesting a merely perfunctory attitude, is more positive than civil; it commonly implies thoughtfulness for the feelings of others, united with polish of manners and address
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nothing was ever so serene as his countenance, so unembarrassed as his manner, so polite as his whole demeanor— Landor

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the Bishop seldom questioned Jacinto about his thoughts or beliefs. He didn't think it politeCather

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Courteous implies more considerate and dignified, courtly, more stately and ceremonious, observance of due civilities
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owns a fine old historical painting in Châteldon and he was courteous enough to permit me to view it— Upton Sinclair

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be courteous to all, but intimate with few— Washington

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his great-uncle, a courtly and stately old gentleman— Symonds

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Gallant and chivalrous imply courteous attentiveness to women.
But gallant suggests spirited and dashing or ornate and florid expressions of courtesy
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the General attended her himself to the street door, saying everything gallant . . . admiring the elasticity of her walk, which corresponded exactly with the spirit of her dancing— Austen

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the qualities ... of surface chivalry and gallant attentiveness in her brilliant American friend had for a moment seemed to reveal a lack in me— Ellis

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in a moment he was all gallant anxiety and solicitude— Wylie

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Chivalrous suggests high-minded, disinterested, sometimes self-sacrificing attentions
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nothing can beat a true woman for a clear vision of reality; I would say a cynical vision if I were not afraid of wounding your chivalrous feelings— Conrad

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with what chivalrous accents would he address . . . those witty and wise women of old worlds— L. P. Smith

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she had fainted from weakness and he had felt strangely chivalrous and paternal— Glasgow

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Analogous words: complaisant, obliging, *amiable: *gracious, affable, cordial: politic, diplomatic, bland, urbane, *suave
Antonyms: uncivil, rude
Contrasted words: churlish, boorish, loutish (see under BOOR): ill-mannered, impolite, discourteous, ungracious (see RUDE)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • civil — civil …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • civil — civil, ile [ sivil ] adj. et n. m. • 1290; lat. civilis, de civis → citoyen I ♦ 1 ♦ (XIVe) Relatif à l ensemble des citoyens. La vie, la société civile. Guerre civile, entre les citoyens d un même État (cf. Guerre intestine). ⇒ révolution. Vx Les …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • civil — civ·il / si vəl/ adj [Latin civilis, from civis citizen] 1: concerning, befitting, or applying to individual citizens or to citizens as a whole a civil duty see also civil right 2: marked by public order: peaceable in behavior …   Law dictionary

  • civil — (Del lat. civīlis). 1. adj. ciudadano (ǁ perteneciente a la ciudad o a los ciudadanos). 2. Sociable, urbano, atento. 3. Que no es militar ni eclesiástico o religioso. Aviación civil. [m6]Cementerio civil. 4. Der. Perteneciente o relativo a las… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • civil — civil, ile (si vil, vi l ; au pluriel l s ne se lie pas : des employés civils à tout le monde ; dites civil à.... cependant plusieurs prononcent cette s : ci vil z à....) adj. 1°   Qui concerne les citoyens. La vie, la société civile. Guerre… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • civil — CIVÍL, Ă, civili, e, adj. Care priveşte pe cetăţenii unui stat (cu excepţia militarilor şi a reprezentanţilor bisericii) sau care aparţine, este specific acestor cetăţeni; care se referă la raporturile juridice ale cetăţenilor între ei (cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • Civil — Civ il, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil. See {City}.] 1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state. [1913 Webster] 2. Subject to government;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • civil — adjetivo 1. De la ciudad o de los ciudadanos, especialmente en oposición a lo oficial: sociedad civil, derechos civiles, obligaciones civiles. protección* civil. 2. Área: derecho De las relaciones entre personas privadas: contrato civil,… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Civil — y civilidad puede referirse a: Sociable Ciudadano Cívico Civismo Civilización Sociedad civil Organización civil u organización no gubernamental (ONG) Derecho civil Derechos civiles Ley civil o código civil Pleito civil Demanda civil Guardia civil …   Wikipedia Español

  • civil — CIVIL, ILE. adject. Qui regarde et qui concerne les Citoyens. La vie civile. La société civile. La guerre civile.Droit Civil, se prend pour La Jurisprudence Romaine, qu on appelle autrement Droit Ecrit. Cours de Droit Civil. Professeur en Droit… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • civil — [siv′əl] adj. [OFr < L civilis < civis: see HOME] 1. of a citizen or citizens [civil rights] 2. of a community of citizens, their government, or their interrelations [civil service, civil war] 3. cultured; civilized 4. polite or courteous,… …   English World dictionary


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